By on April 2nd, 2020


Food News, April 2, 2020

Horseradish is a popular spice consumed in Eastern Europe. It is a known cruciferous vegetable, alongside broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts. Due to its distinct, pungent flavor, horseradish is typically used as a condiment or sauce for salads and sandwiches.

But horseradish provides nutritional and medicinal benefits as well. Here are some of them:

Contains essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals

The horseradish boasts an impressive nutrition profile. A 100 g serving of horseradish contains the following:

  • Water: 85 g
  • Calories: 48 kcal
  • Protein: 1.18 g
  • Fat: 0.69 g
  • Carbohydrate: 11.29 g
  • Fiber: 3.3 g
  • Sugar: 7.99 g
  • Calcium: 56 mg
  • Iron: 0.42 mg
  • Magnesium: 27 mg
  • Phosphorus: 31 mg
  • Potassium: 246 mg
  • Zinc: 0.83 mg
  • Manganese: 0.13 mg
  • Vitamin C: 24.9 mg

Horseradish also contains traces of B complex vitamins, such as thiamin, riboflavin and niacin, that aid various body functions including metabolism, digestion and immunity.

Lowers the risk of cancer

Cruciferous vegetables are commonly associated with a reduced risk of cancer, especially that of the lungs and gastrointestinal tract. This anti-carcinogenic effect is primarily linked to the presence of glucosinolates in these vegetables. Glucosinolates are enzymes that are known to inhibit the growth of cancer cells as well as induce apoptosis or programmed cell death. Clinical studies also show that glucosinolates are readily absorbed by the body, which contributes to its efficacy as anti-carcinogens.

A recent study published in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry revealed that horseradish contained up to 10 times more glucosinolates than its superfood cousin broccoli. Researchers of the study measured the potential anti-cancer and antioxidant activities from different grades of horseradish. The researchers found that the higher-grade horseradish contained more cancer-fighting glucosinolates. Therefore, the researchers concluded that the U.S. Fancy horseradish can be utilized as a dietary anti-carcinogen.

Boosts immunity

Horseradish contains high amounts of antioxidants that fortify the immune system and stimulate the production of white blood cells. Horseradish also contains the glucosinolate known as sinigrin, which is known to possess antioxidant, anti-fungal and antibiotic properties. As a powerful antioxidant, sinigrin can prevent cellular damage caused by disease-causing free radicals. It also promotes wound healing and relieves inflammation. Meanwhile, a compound known as isothiocyanate has potent antibiotic effects against bacteria including Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus.

Regulates blood pressure

Horseradish is an excellent source of potassium, an essential mineral known to regulate blood pressure and support overall cardiovascular health.

Reduces cholesterol

A 2005 animal study publish